Original Image by Noah Freidman-Rudosky for the New York Times | Photo Composite

Lithium Salt Flats, Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia

Thursday, July 30, 2020

Ironsmith and Folding of the Supernovae / Russian Cosmism, A Third Translation.

as an online journal, some pages are fully-formed---others are in sketch---this is one of those in near-audible snap and smear of graphite and charcoal---


i was introduced to russian cosmism this year through a publisher.

brilliant russian minds from the nineteenth century with an engaging, strange, yet beautiful spectrum of ideas in natural philosophy; theoretical space technology, space colonization, biosphere, cosmology, noosphere, transhumanism, human immortality, universal materialism---too many to list in its exploration and evolution the last 100+ years----i started by reading works and essays of its representative thought: Nikolai Fyodorovich Fyodorov---and continued to Nikolai Kibalchich, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, AlexanderChizhevsky, V.N. Muravyov---among others.


e-flux and MIT have excellent publications on the subject.

its perhaps easier to contextualize the ideas of russian cosmism to science fiction and tho concepts of human immortality dont resonate with me---thought with expansive arc based on material fact does--and it would be a disservice to the very root of thinking and concept explored---to cast or miscategorize its depths---and so in word form and in context of my own art production and material universalism---i share this:


 

We share atoms with the living and the dead.

Atoms never die; humans do.

 

An atom from this breath of air in your lungs was once in human lungs many millennia before and after you. In this closed-system biosphere, we share all atoms of air, water and food not only within each other but recycle as each other: all plant, animal, and human-life.

 

Shared bodies become shared body.

 

Our human blood, marrow of our bones, nerve endings are evolving structure and substance of the same atoms once assembled as ancient suns. 

 

Shared forms become shared form.

 

Atoms are a universal material of production; a fundamental medium of materiality and perpetual wet clay for the universe as for the artist. Two sculptors using the same cosmological tools of pressure and temperature assembling atoms into forms on earth as well as into forms as earth.

 

This inseparable medium or indissoluble nature of atoms (nineteenth-century microbiologist N.G. Kholodny)

 

Shared suspensions become shared suspension.

 

The subjects and aims of Cosmism would be mistaken if placed solely into musings of science fiction. Cosmism calls for us to collectively focus all resources, harness our intellect as the presumptive highest evolutionary structure of the universe, and technologically, biologically, free ourselves from the purposeless auto-trajectory of physical law and strike-out on our own path as an undying form of the universe. A devotion to inspire all technology through the single goal of each human life as equal and immortal––as we sail through space in our electric ship called Earth, allowing all humans, all that ever were or will be, to populate the cosmos indenturing the atoms of the universe into the purpose and experience of being human.

 

At what moment is the human soul produced in the blur of shared forms? Which cells are immortalized as human in the few percent of organs, muscle and bone or remaining bacteria and blood? The human body breathes, ingests, expels ninety-percent of its atoms anew every earth year––with more atoms in the human body than stars in the universe how is form production of atoms as a universally shared-resource organized? Is a form that perpetually places itself at the pre-copernican center of the universe as supreme existence a sustainable candidate for immortal production?

 

I was introduced to Russian Cosmism in 2020, a year of extremes: a novel coronavirus pandemic reinforced the shared biosphere of air and biological body between human, animal and virus; a novel government and commercial rocket partnership launched two humans to the low-orbit space station furthering micro-gravity experiments in 3d-printing of human tissues, organs, and retinas, crystallizing proteins in space, processing antibodies towards the prevention of human disease. A near-cosmist focus of technology realizing humans one step closer as a sustainable interplanetary species and life's agent

 

The sun does not live forever yet the sun is not cephalized organism; stars do not cluster senses to create a front-facing brain conscious of its own creative impulse. Stars forge heavier elements and bring energy to other forms. The human also does not live forever yet is a cephalized organism that allows atoms to produce and devote advancing forms. The birth and death of star produces further complexity of medium to the system and the birth and death of a human allows production of further complexity of forms. 

 

Stars cannot sustain the energy production of iron atoms and thus are forced into explosion called supernovae. These explosions advance materials as atoms fuse into heavier elements. Four grams of the very atoms that explode stars are found within humans. Iron atoms sustain our blood. Humans devote this iron to production of new assemblage of atoms. 

 

Humans are a direction of form, a form to explore the farthest reaches of each human life individually and collectively. Forty percent of a human body's atoms came from stars; Hundreds of billions of those atoms in one human body were once in every human body; and one atom in your body was from every breath from every human. The material is immortal in a system of sharing and changing form. 

 

Founding Cosmist Nikolai Fedorov writes all sciences should direct through astronomy and all governance through architecture

 

Advancing not wasting energy of the sun is one of Fedorov's aims. Applying the abundant energy of the sun as power for production references Cosmism images of lightning rods awakening the dead, early conceptions of solar panels, and fusion technologies to come such as the creation of stars on earth. 

 

We are ironsmiths purposing the atoms of supernova. What is victory over the sun but the exchange and advancement of a still unknown universe and its medium. “Great is the mystery of the forthcoming transformation of man. He will understand that he is not a part of the universe, but its integral hypostasis. He is the whole world and at the same time a personal manifestation, a special image of this world. His properties are equally universality and personality. All beings have the same body and all things of the world have the same composition — the body and the composition of the universe.” —V.N. Muravyov. Mastery of Time [iv]


 



[I] Cosmism-Timeline. E-Flux. https://cosmism-timeline.e-flux.com

[ii] Elon Musk Interview May 29, 2020 NASA/SpaceX Press Conference

[iii] Astronomy and Architecture. Nikolai Fedorov. Russian Cosmism. Edited by Boris Groys. E-flux/MIT Press. 2018. pg 55

[iv] Cosmism-Timeline. E-Flux. https://cosmism-timeline.e-flux.com

 

First Translation: Russian

Second Translation: English

Third Translation: Art

 

 

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Space is a Global [Universal] Commons; No nation may claim sovereignty of outer space or any celestial body.

67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko surface
Attriubtion: ESA/ Rosetta/ MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS/ UPD/ LAM/ IAA/ SSO/ INTA/ UPM/ DASP/ IDA – CC BY-SA 4.0 / CC BY-SA 




"Outer space is a legally and physically unique domain of human activity, and the United States does not view space as a global commons."
–Excerpt from White House Executive Order on Encouraging International Support for the Recovery and Use of Space Resources  

April 6, 2020
I am a citizen of the United States who defines space as all standing Space Treaties define it––a global commons.

The United States is a signed [1/27/1967] and ratified [10/27/1967] member of The Outer Space Treaty of 1967, as such, I implore the highest ethical and moral responsibility from the Secretary of State to define this Order with fullest and equal international agreement; as no nation may claim sovereignty of outer space or any celestial body. Space agreements sustained for decades are explicit in shared and peaceful purposes, The Outer Space Treaty of 1967 and The Moon Agreement [1979] forbid any government to claim a celestial resource such as the Moon or a planet. All human endeavors in Space must be founded and framed multilaterally to "benefit ... in the interests of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or scientific development, and shall be the province of all mankind[*]", the highest-read of the April 6, 2020 Executive Order is required and must dedicate beyond the short-sight, indignant self-purpose of its draft to that of highest international responsibility founding the next millenia–to lead in creating a shared, clear, and principled framework of most careful and visionary forethought––a global-shared aim that the ingenuity, innovation and swift speed of branded private enterprise supports but never leads.

Private enterprise is a reality in space and has been for quite some time. The world needs an updated Agreement to address and frame discussion on space mining and space resources. At its best, this Executive Order may lead to an inspired and rigorous multilateral Agreement yet the self-permitting context of its draft shames every United States citizen and the language of all former Agreements and Treaties. It is my hope, greater human conscience leads to its correction and achieves a permanent collective definition and aim.

We need only to look to global commons like our oceans, air, Antarctica, and internet and then to earth use of resources like rare metal, mineral and coal mines, fossil-fuels, forests––Space will either continue the wars, isolated interests and global mistakes of our past and present or exemplify its learning and lessons in this moment forward.


[*]The Outer Space Treaty of 1967, Article I



Links to:

The Moon Agreement

United Nations / Status of International Agreements relating to activities in outer space as at 1 January 2019

The Outer Space Treaty of 1967





Transcript of The Outer Space Treat of 1967 and Signatures
[Re-posted from State Department Website]

Treaty on principles governing the activities of states in the exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies.

Opened for signature at Moscow, London, and Washington on 27 January, 1967

THE STATES PARTIES. TO THIS TREATY,

INSPIRED by the great prospects opening up before mankind as a result of man's entry into outer space,

RECOGNIZING the common interest of all mankind in the progress of the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes,

BELIEVING that the exploration and use of outer space should be carried on for the benefit of all peoples irrespective of the degree of their economic or scientific development,

DESIRING to contribute to broad international co-operation in the scientific as well as the legal aspects of the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes,

BELIEVING that such co-operation will contribute to the development of mutual understanding and to the strengthening of friendly relations between States and peoples,

RECALLING resolution 1962 (XVIII), entitled "Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space", which was adopted unanimously by the United Nations General Assembly on 13 December 1963,

RECALLING resolution 1884 (XVIII), calling upon States to refrain from placing in orbit around the earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction or from installing such weapons on celestial bodies, which was adopted unanimously by the United Nations General Assembly on 17 October 1963,

TAKING account of United Nations General Assembly resolution 110 (II) of 3 November 1947, which condemned propaganda designed or likely to provoke or encourage any threat to the peace, breach of the peace or act of aggression, and considering that the aforementioned resolution is applicable to outer space,

CONVINCED that a Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, will further the Purposes and Principles of the Charter of the United Nations,


Article I

The exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interests of all countries, irrespective of their degree of economic or scientific development, and shall be the province of all mankind.


Outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, shall be free for exploration and use by all States without discrimination of any kind, on a basis of equality and in accordance with international law, and there shall be free access to all areas of celestial bodies.


There shall be freedom of scientific investigation in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, and States shall facilitate and encourage international co-operation in such investigation.


Article II


Outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means.


Article III


States Parties to the Treaty shall carry on activities in the exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, in accordance with international law, including the Charter of the United Nations, in the interest of maintaining international peace and security and promoting international co- operation and understanding.


Article IV


States Parties to the Treaty undertake not to place in orbit around the earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction, install such weapons on celestial bodies, or station such weapons in outer space in any other manner.


The moon and other celestial bodies shall be used by all States Parties to the Treaty exclusively for peaceful purposes. The establishment of military bases, installations and fortifications, the testing of any type of weapons and the conduct of military manoeuvres on celestial bodies shall be forbidden. The use of military personnel for scientific research or for any other peaceful purposes shall not be prohibited. The use of any equipment or facility necessary for peaceful exploration of the moon and other celestial bodies shall also not be prohibited.


Article V


States Parties to the Treaty shall regard astronauts as envoys of mankind in outer space and shall render to them all possible assistance in the event of accident, distress, or emergency landing on the territory of another State Party or on the high seas. When astronauts make such a landing, they shall be safely and promptly returned to the State of registry of their space vehicle.


In carrying on activities in outer space and on celestial bodies, the astronauts of one State Party shall render all possible assistance to the astronauts of other States Parties.


States Parties to the Treaty shall immediately inform the other States Parties to the Treaty or the Secretary-General of the United Nations of any phenomena they discover in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, which could constitute a danger to the life or health of astronauts.


Article VI


States Parties to the Treaty shall bear international responsibility for national activities in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, whether such activities are carried on by governmental agencies or by non-governmental entities, and for assuring that national activities are carried out in conformity with the provisions set forth in the present Treaty. The activities of non-governmental entities in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, shall require authorization and continuing supervision by the appropriate State Party to the Treaty. When activities are carried on in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, by an international organization, responsibility for compliance with this Treaty shall be borne both by the international organization and by the States Parties to the Treaty participating in such organization.


Article VII


Each State Party to the Treaty that launches or procures the launching of an object into outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, and each State Party from whose territory or facility an object is launched, is internationally liable for damage to another State Party to the Treaty or to its natural or juridical persons by such object or its component parts on the Earth, in air space or in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies.


Article VIII


A State Party to the Treaty on whose registry an object launched into outer space is carried shall retain jurisdiction and control over such object, and over any personnel thereof, while in outer space or on a celestial body. Ownership of objects launched into outer space, including objects landed or constructed on a celestial body, and of their component parts, is not affected by their presence in outer space or on a celestial body or by their return to the Earth. Such objects or component parts found beyond the limits of the State Party of the Treaty on whose registry they are carried shall be returned to that State Party, which shall, upon request, furnish identifying data prior to their return.


Article IX


In the exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, States Parties to the Treaty shall be guided by the principle of co-operation and mutual assistance and shall conduct all their activities in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, with due regard to the corresponding interests of all other States Parties to the Treaty. States Parties to the Treaty shall pursue studies of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, and conduct exploration of them so as to avoid their harmful contamination and also adverse changes in the environment of the Earth resulting from the introduction of extraterrestrial matter and, where necessary, shall adopt appropriate measures for this purpose. If a State Party to the Treaty has reason to believe that an activity or experiment planned by it or its nationals in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, would cause potentially harmful interference with activities of other States Parties in the peaceful exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, it shall undertake appropriate international consultations before proceeding with any such activity or experiment. A State Party to the Treaty which has reason to believe that an activity or experiment planned by another State Party in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, would cause potentially harmful interference with activities in the peaceful exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, may request consultation concerning the activity or experiment.


Article X


In order to promote international co-operation in the exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, in conformity with the purposes of this Treaty, the States Parties to the Treaty shall consider on a basis of equality any requests by other States Parties to the Treaty to be afforded an opportunity to observe the flight of space objects launched by those States.


The nature of such an opportunity for observation and the conditions under which it could be afforded shall be determined by agreement between the States concerned.


Article XI


In order to promote international co-operation in the peaceful exploration and use of outer space, States Parties to the Treaty conducting activities in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, agree to inform the Secretary-General of the United Nations as well as the public and the international scientific community, to the greatest extent feasible and practicable, of the nature, conduct, locations and results of such activities. On receiving the said information, the Secretary-General of the United Nations should be prepared to disseminate it immediately and effectively.


Article XII


All stations, installations, equipment and space vehicles on the moon and other celestial bodies shall be open to representatives of other States Parties to the Treaty on a basis of reciprocity. Such representatives shall give reasonable advance notice of a projected visit, in order that appropriate consultations may be held and that maximum precautions may be taken to assure safety and to avoid interference with normal operations in the facility to be visited.


Article XIII


The provisions of this Treaty shall apply to the activities of States Parties to the Treaty in the exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, whether such activities are carried on by a single State Party to the Treaty or jointly with other States, including cases where they are carried on within the framework of international inter-governmental organizations.


Any practical questions arising in connexion with activities carried on by international inter-governmental organizations in the exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, shall be resolved by the States Parties to the Treaty either with the appropriate international organization or with one or more States members of that international organization, which are Parties to this Treaty.


Article XIV


1. This Treaty shall be open to all States for signature. Any State which does not sign this Treaty before its entry into force in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article may accede to it at any time.


2. This Treaty shall be subject to ratification by signatory States. Instruments of ratification and instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Governments of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States of America, which are hereby designated the Depositary Governments.


3. This Treaty shall enter into force upon the deposit of instruments of ratification by five Governments including the Governments designated as Depositary Governments under this Treaty.


4. For States whose instruments of ratification or accession are deposited subsequent to the entry into force of this Treaty, it shall enter into force on the date of the deposit of their instruments of ratification or accession.


5. The Depositary Governments shall promptly inform all signatory and acceding States of the date of each signature, the date of deposit of each instrument of ratification of and accession to this Treaty, the date of its entry into force and other notices.


6. This Treaty shall be registered by the Depositary Governments pursuant to Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.


Article XV


Any State Party to the Treaty may propose amendments to this Treaty. Amendments shall enter into force for each State Party to the Treaty accepting the amendments upon their acceptance by a majority of the States Parties to the Treaty and thereafter for each remaining State Party to the Treaty on the date of acceptance by it.


Article XVI


Any State Party to the Treaty may give notice of its withdrawal from the Treaty one year after its entry into force by written notification to the Depositary Governments. Such withdrawal shall take effect one year from the date of receipt of this notification.


Article XVII


This Treaty, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of the Depositary Governments. Duly certified copies of this Treaty shall be transmitted by the Depositary Governments to the Governments of the signatory and acceding States.


IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, duly authorised, have signed this Treaty.


DONE in triplicate, at the cities of London, Moscow and Washington, the twenty-seventh day of January, one thousand nine hundred and sixty-seven.



Please see this link for all 91 signed countries; 62 ratified; and 36 of accession.
https://2009-2017.state.gov/t/isn/5181.htm





Saturday, February 29, 2020

Art as 36th and Final Global Contributor to ITER - Humanity's Pursuit of Generating a Star on Earth

christine corday;sans titre
2 25 2020. Forbes Article by Eva Amsen. The Art Hidden In The World’s Largest Nuclear Fusion Reactor
Photo: © Corday Studio / Christopher Powers

Over the last three decades, thirty-five countries have joined together to build a momentary miniature sun on Earth--Science’s greatest terrestrial achievement of the celestial. The project is called ITER, a 444 acre site, dedicated to studying the power of stars through generating one for humankind in Southern France.

We are the witnessing generation of humanity realizing a star on Earth––a project of public good and shared knowledge; of rigor and devotion; and unwavering focus over last several decades in the attempt of "to prove humanity has the intelligence to prevent its own extinction"[1].

My five-year collaboration with ITER Directors resulted in "Art" as the thirty-sixth and final global contributor with the installation of a single object within within the infrastructure of the star. Sans Titre, is a two-pound unmarked materiality within the structure supporting the mega-heavy components of the star [the ITER tokamak], its form that of a re-created M30 bolt, is one within an anonymous repetition of 10,000 others sharing in the structural responsibility supporting the Tokamak––one work within the million forms completing the star in 2023.

The installation of Sans Titre is the culmination of a five-year journey with the extraordinary people and promethean material aim of ITER. As sculptor ever advancing the cosmological hammer and chisel of temperature and pressure in my work––my interests in ITER are many however first for its unprecedented material conversation at 150 million degrees C [10x hotter than our sun]––the unprecedented use of the the medium within matter in its solid and plasma state.

Sans Titre's 30 x 110 x 30mm measure and F3125 A490 Type 3 metal alloy is forged terrestrially from the metals of stars and placed within the Promethean project of Science re-creating one.  The material is finished in black iron oxide, the base pigment I used towards the color for National September 11 Memorial, my Protoist paintings as well as found in cave paintings of France and the base of coatings for the ESA and NASA solar orbiters.

The material object of Sans Titre is not seen but rather seeing; the material object will not be touched but is touching our anthropomorphic star.

This project has tremendous thanks to Bernard Bigot[ITER Director- General]; Mark Uhran [Retired US ITER Communications Director]; Laban Coblentz [ITER French Headquarter Communications Director]; Laurent Schmieder [ITER Buildings and Infrastructure Director]; Shira Tabachnikoff [ITER French Headquarter Communications Manager]; Cecile Foucher De Brandois [ITER Communications]; Robert Arnoux [ITER Communications]; Mark Henderson [ITER Scientist].

As well as Bob Tarantino [New Jersey Precision Technologies]; Portland Bolt Company; Emile Maurin; Bernier Cast Metals; and Christopher Powers.

Let There Be Light. A 2017 Fusion Film Documentary on ITER
and smaller projects around the world

I will keep close with further details later this spring and summer as this special project continues.


Wednesday, May 15, 2019

Solo Exhibition Christine Corday : RELATIVE POINTS at Contemporary Art Museum Saint Louis sponsored by National Endowment For the Arts






































Solo Exhibition Christine Corday : RELATIVE POINTS at Contemporary Arts Museum Saint Louis awarded sponsorship by National Endowment For the Arts.
RELATIVE POINTS, a series of sited iron compressions and debut of pigment series Primer Grey, Centers for Gravity.
Many Thanks to CAMstl Executive Director Lisa Melandri, tremendous staff and to the NEA for the support of this work.


Announced 2019 Recipient of The Pollock-Krasner Foundation Brian Wall Foundation Grant for Sculptors


Artist Christine Corday announced 2019 Recipient of The Pollock-Krasner Foundation Brian Wall Foundation Grant For Sculptors. 
Thank you to these two amazing foundations and their tremendous support for the work.

Friday, February 22, 2019

Relative Object Entry 01

lisa melandri;iron;compression

lisa melandri;iron;compression
















The object is bound as a temperature, pressure and location relative to the other.

Image Credits: Christine Corday: RELATIVE POINTS, installation view, Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis, January 18–April 21, 2019. Photo: Dusty Kessler.

Saturday, December 8, 2018

SF GENESES

GENESES; christine corday; san francisco art; public art; cesar rubio photography; som architects; moscone; art


Installation of GENESES. 
City of San Francisco Commission. Howard Street, Moscone North Plaza. 

Project by Artist Christine Corday with San Francisco Arts Commission Project Manager Marcus Davies, SOM Architects, Tectonic Engineering, Webcor, Atthowe, Claude Engle Light Design and Project Fabricator: KC Fabrications. 

Studio Image: @2018 Corday Studio
Installation Image Credit: © 2018 C├ęsar Rubio Photography








Tuesday, December 5, 2017

the object has no priviledged view

spacewalker;43f 14_7p;christinecorday









spacewalker;43f 14_7p;christine corday

















christine corday; spacewalker






























Corday  +2000F 28571p, 2017. Elemental Metal. 6 x 5.5 x 15 in. / 15.2 x 13.9 x 29.5 cm;  +2500F 6500000p, 2017. Elemental Metal  20 x 63 x 36 in. / 50.8 x 160 x 91.4 cm;  +2000F 9090p, 2017. Elemental Metal. 6 x 5.5 x 8 in. / 15.2 x 13.9 x 20.3 cm

Friday, August 25, 2017

"it's hard to describe the vitality of darkness" 
charlie duke, apollo 16 astronaut

Saturday, December 10, 2016

Releasing Center


copernicus, galileo, grothendieck

the center of our sensory/intellectual bias has found different positions in the last thousand years. eppur si muove. the practice of re-locating the center of our thought, world, and greater phenomena, enough times eventually releases the comfort of needing center altogether. 

a relative point of view provides a point of thinking. 
but not a place, position, or object more privileged than any other.

this work is interested in the conversation of its measurements





Saturday, July 16, 2016

How Humans Shape Form

kevin frayer_artist_displaced_migrants_immigrants_war_art
Newspaper clipping of Kevin Frayer Image / New York Times 2006
Portion of Destroyed Wall between Egypt and Gaza



















human nature is Nature working with one additional force: will